Wednesday, November 25, 2015

The Greatest Books of the World

Compiled by Dr Abe V Rotor
Lesson on Paaralang Bayan sa Himpapawid

NOTE: The lists of books appearing in this post serve as lesson outline for Paaralang Bayan sa Himpapawid. There is no intention of introducing any amendments to the lists as they appear on the Internet.  Acknowledgement i hereby extended to the source/s  of this article.

Part 1 The Greatest Books - 50

  1.   In Search of Lost Time by Marcel Proust

    Image of In Search of Lost Time
    Swann's Way, the first part of A la recherche de temps perdu, Marcel Proust's seven-part cycle, was published in 1913. In it, Proust introduces the themes that run through the entire work. The narr...

  2.   Ulysses by James Joyce

    Image of Ulysses

    Ulysses chronicles the passage of Leopold Bloom through Dublin during an ordinary day, June 16, 1904. The title parallels and alludes to Odysseus (Latinised into Ulysses), the hero of Homer's Odyss...

  3.  Don Quixote by Miguel de Cervantes

    Image of Don Quixote

    Alonso Quixano, a retired country gentleman in his fifties, lives in an unnamed section of La Mancha with his niece and a housekeeper. He has become obsessed with books of chivalry, and believes th...

  4.  Moby Dick by Herman Melville

    Image of Moby Dick
    First published in 1851, Melville's masterpiece is, in Elizabeth Hardwick's words, "the greatest novel in American literature." The saga of Captain Ahab and his monomaniacal pursuit of the white wh...

  5.   Hamlet by William Shakespeare

    Image of Hamlet
    The Tragedy of Hamlet, Prince of Denmark, or more simply Hamlet, is a tragedy by William Shakespeare, believed to have been written between 1599 and 1601. The play, set in Denmark, recounts how Pri...

  6.    War and Peace by Leo Tolstoy 

    Image of War and Peace
    Epic in scale, War and Peace delineates in graphic detail events leading up to Napoleon's invasion of Russia, and the impact of the Napoleonic era on Tsarist society, as seen through the eyes of fi...
     7 . The Odyssey by Homer
  7. Image of The Odyssey
    The Odyssey is one of two major ancient Greek epic poems attributed to Homer. It is, in part, a sequel to the Iliad, the other work traditionally ascribed to Homer. The poem is fundamental to the m...

  8.   The Great Gatsby by F. Scott Fitzgerald

    Image of The Great Gatsby

    The novel chronicles an era that Fitzgerald himself dubbed the "Jazz Age". Following the shock and chaos of World War I, American society enjoyed unprecedented levels of prosperity during the "roar...

  9.   The Divine Comedy by Dante Alighieri

    Image of The Divine Comedy
    Belonging in the immortal company of the great works of literature, Dante Alighieri's poetic masterpiece, The Divine Comedy, is a moving human drama, an unforgettable visionary journey through the ...

  10.   Madame Bovary by Gustave Flaubert

    Image of Madame Bovary
    For daring to peer into the heart of an adulteress and enumerate its contents with profound dispassion, the author of Madame Bovary was tried for "offenses against morality and religion." What shoc...

  11.   The Brothers Karamazov by Fyodor Dostoyevsky

    Image of The Brothers Karamazov
    Dostoevsky's last and greatest novel, The Karamazov Brothers, is both a brilliantly told crime story and a passionate philosophical debate. The dissolute landowner Fyodor Pavlovich Karamazov is mur...

  12.  One Hundred Years of Solitude by Gabriel Garcia Marquez

    Image of One Hundred Years of Solitude

    One of the 20th century's enduring works, One Hundred Years of Solitude is a widely beloved and acclaimed novel known throughout the world, and the ultimate achievement in a Nobel Prize–winning car...

  13.  The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn by Mark Twain

    Image of The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn

    Revered by all of the town's children and dreaded by all of its mothers, Huckleberry Finn is indisputably the most appealing child-hero in American literature. Unlike the tall-tale, idyllic worl...

  14.   The Iliad by Homer

    Image of The Iliad

    The Iliad is an epic poem in dactylic hexameters, traditionally attributed to Homer. Set in the Trojan War, the ten-year siege of Ilium by a coalition of Greek states, it tells of the battles and e...

  15.   Lolita by Vladimir Nabokov

    Image of Lolita
    The book is internationally famous for its innovative style and infamous for its controversial subject: the protagonist and unreliable narrator, middle aged Humbert Humbert, becomes obsessed and se...

  16.  Anna Karenina by Leo Tolstoy

    Image of Anna Karenina

    Anna Karenina tells of the doomed love affair between the sensuous and rebellious Anna and the dashing officer, Count Vronsky. Tragedy unfolds as Anna rejects her passionless marriage and must endu...

  17.  Crime and Punishment by Fyodor Dostoyevsky

    Image of Crime and Punishment

    It is a murder story, told from a murder;s point of view, that implicates even the most innocent reader in its enormities. It is a cat-and-mouse game between a tormented young killer and a cheerful...

  18.  Alice's Adventures in Wonderland by Lewis Carroll

    Image of Alice's Adventures in Wonderland

    In 1862 Charles Lutwidge Dodgson, a shy Oxford mathematician with a stammer, created a story about a little girl tumbling down a rabbit hole. Thus began the immortal adventures of Alice, perhaps th...

  19. The Sound and the Fury by William Faulkner

    Image of The Sound and the Fury

    The Sound and the Fury is set in the fictional Yoknapatawpha County. The novel centers on the Compson family, former Southern aristocrats who are struggling to deal with the dissolution of their fa...

  20.  Pride and Prejudice by Jane Austen

    Image of Pride and Prejudice

    The book is narrated in free indirect speech following the main character Elizabeth Bennet as she deals with matters of upbringing, marriage, moral rightness and education in her aristocratic socie...

  21.  The Catcher in the Rye by J. D. Salinger

    Image of The Catcher in the Rye

    The Catcher in the Rye is a 1945 novel by J. D. Salinger. Originally published for adults, the novel has become a common part of high school and college curricula throughout the English-speaking wo...

  22.  Wuthering Heights by Emily Brontë

    Image of Wuthering Heights

    The narrative is non-linear, involving several flashbacks, and two primary narrators: Mr. Lockwood and Ellen "Nelly" Dean. The novel opens in 1801, with Mr. Lockwood arriving at Thrushcross Grange,...

  23. Nineteen Eighty Four by George Orwell

    Image of Nineteen Eighty Four

    The story follows the life of one seemingly insignificant man, Winston Smith, a civil servant assigned the task of perpetuating the regime's propaganda by falsifying records and political literatur...

  24.   Heart of Darkness by Joseph Conrad

    Image of Heart of Darkness

    The story details an incident when Marlow, an Englishman, took a foreign assignment from a Belgian trading company as a ferry-boat captain in Africa. Although Conrad does not specify the name of th...

  25. To the Lighthouse by Virginia Woolf

    Image of To the Lighthouse

    A landmark novel of high modernism, the text, centering on the Ramsay family and their visits to the Isle of Skye in Scotland between 1910 and 1920, skillfully manipulates temporality and psycholog...

  26.  Absalom, Absalom! by William Faulkner

    Image of Absalom, Absalom!

    Absalom, Absalom! is a Southern Gothic novel by the American author William Faulkner, first published in 1936. It is a story about three families of the American South, taking place before, during,...

  27.  Middlemarch by George Eliot

    Image of Middlemarch

    Middlemarch: A Study of Provincial Life is a novel by George Eliot, the pen name of Mary Anne Evans, later Marian Evans. It is her seventh novel, begun in 1869 and then put aside during the final i...

  28. The Trial by Franz Kafka

    Image of The Trial

    Written in 1914, The Trial is one of the most important novels of the twentieth century: the terrifying tale of Josef K., a respectable bank officer who is suddenly and inexplicably arrested and mu...

  29.  One Thousand and One Nights by India/Iran/Iraq/Egypt

    Image of One Thousand and One Nights

    One Thousand and One Nights is a collection of Middle Eastern and South Asian stories and folk tales compiled in Arabic during the Islamic Golden Age. It is often known in English as the Arabian Ni...

  30.  The Stories of Anton Chekhov by Anton Chekhov

    Image of The Stories of Anton Chekhov

    Anton Pavlovich Chekhov was a Russian short-story writer, playwright and physician, considered to be one of the greatest short-story writers in the history of world literature. His career as a dram...

  31.  The Red and the Black by Stendhal

    Image of The Red and the Black

    Le Rouge et le Noir (The Red and the Black), subtitled Chronique du XIXe siécle ("Chronicle of the 19th century"), is an historical psychological novel in two volumes by Stendhal, published in 1830...

  32.  Gulliver's Travels by Jonathan Swift

    Image of Gulliver's Travels

    From the preeminent prose satirist in the English language, a great classic recounting the four remarkable journeys of ship's surgeon Lemuel Gulliver. For children it remains an enchanting fantasy;...

  33.  Catch-22 by Joseph Heller

    Image of Catch-22

    Catch-22 is a satirical, historical novel by the American author Joseph Heller, first published in 1961. The novel, set during the later stages of World War II from 1943 onwards, is frequently cite...

  34. The Grapes of Wrath by John Steinbeck

    Image of The Grapes of Wrath

    Set during the Great Depression, the novel focuses on a poor family of sharecroppers, the Joads, driven from their home by drought, economic hardship, and changes in the agriculture industry. In a ...

  35.  Invisible Man by Ralph Ellison

    Image of Invisible Man

    The novel addresses many of the social and intellectual issues facing African-Americans in the early twentieth century, including black nationalism, the relationship between black identity and Marx...

  36.  The Stranger by Albert Camus

    Image of The Stranger

    Since it was first published in English, in 1946, Albert Camus's extraordinary first novel, The Stranger (L'Etranger), has had a profound impact on millions of American readers. Through this story ...

  37.  Great Expectations by Charles Dickens

    Image of Great Expectations

    Great Expectations is written in the genre of "bildungsroman" or the style of book that follows the story of a man or woman in their quest for maturity, usually starting from childhood and ending i...

  38.   The Aeneid by Virgil

    Image of The Aeneid
    The Aeneid is a Latin epic poem written by Virgil in the late 1st century BC (29–19 BC) that tells the legendary story of Aeneas, a Trojan who traveled to Italy, where he became the ancestor of the...

  39.   David Copperfield by Charles Dickens

    Image of David Copperfield

    The story of the abandoned waif who learns to survive through challenging encounters with distress and misfortune.

  40.   Mrs. Dalloway by Virginia Woolf

    Image of Mrs. Dalloway

    Created from two short stories, "Mrs Dalloway in Bond Street" and the unfinished "The Prime Minister", the novel's story is of Clarissa's preparations for a party of which she is to be hostess. Wit...

  41. Beloved by Toni Morrison

    Image of Beloved

    Beloved (1987) is a Pulitzer Prize-winning novel by Nobel laureate Toni Morrison. The novel, her fifth, is loosely based on the life and legal case of the slave Margaret Garner, about whom Morrison...

  42.   The Canterbury Tales by Geoffrey Chaucer

    Image of The Canterbury Tales

    With their astonishing diversity of tone and subject matter, The Canterbury Tales have become one of the touchstones of medieval literature. Translated here into modern English, these tales of a mo...

  43.   Collected Fiction by Jorge Luis Borges

    Image of Collected Fiction

    From his 1935 debut with The Universal History of Iniquity, through his immensely influential collections Ficciones and The Aleph, these enigmatic, elaborate, imaginative inventions display Borges'...

  44.   Leaves of Grass by Walt Whitman

    Image of Leaves of Grass

    Leaves of Grass (1855) is a poetry collection by the American poet Walt Whitman. Among the poems in the collection are "Song of Myself," "I Sing the Body Electric," "Out of the Cradle Endlessly Roc...

  45.   Candide by Voltaire

    Image of Candide

    Candide, ou l'Optimisme is a French satire written in 1759 by Voltaire, a philosopher of the Age of Enlightenment. Candide is characterized by its sarcastic tone and its erratic, fantastical, an...

  46.   Jane Eyre by Charlotte Brontë

    Image of Jane Eyre

    Jane Eyre is a first-person narrative of the title character, a small, plain-faced, intelligent and honest English orphan. The novel goes through five distinct stages: Jane's childhood at Gateshead...

  47.   As I Lay Dying by William Faulkner

    Image of As I Lay Dying

    The book is told in stream of consciousness writing style by 15 different narrators in 59 chapters. It is the story of the death of Addie Bundren and her family's quest—noble or selfish—to honor he...

  48.  The Sun Also Rises by Ernest Hemingway

    Image of The Sun Also Rises

     The novel explores the lives and values of the so-called "Lost Generation," chronicling the experiences of Jake Barnes and several acquaintances on their pilgrimage to Pamplona for the annual San F...

  49.   The Complete Stories of Franz Kafka by Franz Kafka

    Image of The Complete Stories of Franz Kafka

    The Complete Stories of Franz Kafka is a compilation of all Kafka's short stories. With the exception of Kafka's three novels (The Trial, The Castle and Amerika), this collection includes all of Ka...


  50.   Tristram Shandy by Laurence Sterne

    Image of Tristram Shandy

    As its title suggests, the book is ostensibly Tristram's narration of his life story. But it is one of the central jokes of the novel that he cannot explain anything simply, that he must make expla...

    - Wikipedia

    Part 2 
     The top 100 books of all time
    1984 by George Orwell, England, (1903-1950)
    A Doll's House by Henrik Ibsen, Norway (1828-1906)
    A Sentimental Education by Gustave Flaubert, France, (1821-1880)
    Absalom, Absalom! by William Faulkner, United States, (1897-1962)
    The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn by Mark Twain, United States, (1835-1910)
    The Aeneid by Virgil, Italy, (70-19 BC)
    Anna Karenina by Leo Tolstoy, Russia, (1828-1910)
    Beloved by Toni Morrison, United States, (b. 1931)
    Berlin Alexanderplatz by Alfred Doblin, Germany, (1878-1957)
    Blindness by Jose Saramago, Portugal, (1922-2010)
    The Book of Disquiet by Fernando Pessoa, Portugal, (1888-1935)
    The Book of Job, Israel. (600-400 BC)
    The Brothers Karamazov by Fyodor M Dostoyevsky, Russia, (1821-1881) 
    Buddenbrooks by Thomas Mann, Germany, (1875-1955)
    Canterbury Tales by Geoffrey Chaucer, England, (1340-1400)
    The Castle by Franz Kafka, Bohemia, (1883-1924)
    Children of Gebelawi by Naguib Mahfouz, Egypt, (b. 19
    11)Collected Fictions by Jorge Luis Borges, Argentina, (1899-1986)
    Complete Poems by Giacomo Leopardi, Italy, (1798-1837)
    The Complete Stories by Franz Kafka, Bohemia, (1883-1924)
    The Complete Tales by Edgar Allan Poe, United States, (1809-1849)
    Confessions of Zeno by Italo Svevo, Italy, (1861-1928)
    Crime and Punishment by Fyodor M Dostoyevsky, Russia, (1821-1881)
    Dead Souls by Nikolai Gogol, Russia, (1809-1852)
    The Death of Ivan Ilyich and Other Stories by Leo Tolstoy, Russia, (1828-1910)
    Decameron by Giovanni Boccaccio, Italy, (1313-1375)
    The Devil to Pay in the Backlands by Joao Guimaraes Rosa, Brazil, (1880-1967)
    Diary of a Madman and Other Stories by Lu Xun, China, (1881-1936)
    The Divine Comedy by Dante Alighieri, Italy, (1265-1321)
    Don Quixote by Miguel de Cervantes Saavedra, Spain, (1547-1616)
    Essays by Michel de Montaigne, France, (1533-1592)
    Fairy Tales and Stories by Hans Christian Andersen, Denmark, (1805-1875)
    Faust by Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, Germany, (1749-1832)
    Gargantua and Pantagruel by Francois Rabelais, France, (1495-1553)
    Gilgamesh Mesopotamia, (c 1800 BC)
    The Golden Notebook by Doris Lessing, England, (b.1919)
    Great Expectations by Charles Dickens, England, (1812-1870)
    Gulliver's Travels by Jonathan Swift, Ireland, (1667-1745)
    Gypsy Ballads by Federico Garcia Lorca, Spain, (1898-1936)
    Hamlet by William Shakespeare, England, (1564-1616)
    History by Elsa Morante, Italy, (1918-1985)
    Hunger by Knut Hamsun, Norway, (1859-1952)
    The Idiot by Fyodor M Dostoyevsky, Russia, (1821-1881)
    The Iliad by Homer, Greece, (c 700 BC)
    Independent People by Halldor K Laxness, Iceland, (1902-1998)
    Invisible Man by Ralph Ellison, United States, (1914-1994)
    Jacques the Fatalist and His Master by Denis Diderot, France, (1713-1784)
    Journey to the End of the Night by Louis-Ferdinand Celine, France, (1894-1961)
    King Lear by William Shakespeare, England, (1564-1616)
    Leaves of Grass by Walt Whitman, United States, (1819-1892)
    The Life and Opinions of Tristram Shandy by Laurence Sterne, Ireland, (1713-1768)
    Lolita by Vladimir Nabokov, Russia/United States, (1899-1977)
    Love in the Time of Cholera by Gabriel Garcia Marquez, Colombia, (b. 1928)
    Madame Bovary by Gustave Flaubert, France, (1821-1880)
    The Magic Mountain by Thomas Mann, Germany, (1875-1955)
    Mahabharata, India, (c 500 BC)
    The Man Without Qualities by Robert Musil, Austria, (1880-1942)
    The Mathnawi by Jalal ad-din Rumi, Afghanistan, (1207-1273)
    Medea by Euripides, Greece, (c 480-406 BC)
    Memoirs of Hadrian by Marguerite Yourcenar, France, (1903-1987)
    Metamorphoses by Ovid, Italy, (c 43 BC)
    Middlemarch by George Eliot, England, (1819-1880)
    Midnight's Children by Salman Rushdie, India/Britain, (b. 1947)
    Moby-Dick by Herman Melville, United States, (1819-1891)
    Mrs. Dalloway by Virginia Woolf, England, (1882-1941)
    Njaals Saga, Iceland, (c 1300)
    Nostromo by Joseph Conrad, England,(1857-1924)
    The Odyssey by Homer, Greece, (c 700 BC)
    Oedipus the King Sophocles, Greece, (496-406 BC)
    Old Goriot by Honore de Balzac, France, (1799-1850)
    The Old Man and the Sea by Ernest Hemingway, United States, (1899-1961)
    One Hundred Years of Solitude by Gabriel Garcia Marquez, Colombia, (b. 1928)
    The Orchard by Sheikh Musharrif ud-din Sadi, Iran, (c 1200-1292)
    Othello by William Shakespeare, England, (1564-1616)
    Pedro Paramo by Juan Rulfo Juan Rulfo, Mexico, (1918-1986)
    Pippi Longstocking by Astrid Lindgren, Sweden, (1907-2002)
    Poems by Paul Celan, Romania/France, (1920-1970)
    The Possessed by Fyodor M Dostoyevsky, Russia, (1821-1881)
    Pride and Prejudice by Jane Austen, England, (1775-1817)
    The Ramayana by Valmiki, India, (c 300 BC)
    The Recognition of Sakuntala by Kalidasa, India, (c. 400)
    The Red and the Black by Stendhal, France, (1783-1842)
    Remembrance of Things Past by Marcel Proust, France, (1871-1922)
    Season of Migration to the North by Tayeb Salih, Sudan, (b. 1929)
    Selected Stories by Anton P Chekhov, Russia, (1860-1904)
    Sons and Lovers by DH Lawrence, England, (1885-1930)
    The Sound and the Fury by William Faulkner, United States, (1897-1962)
    The Sound of the Mountain by Yasunari Kawabata, Japan, (1899-1972)
    The Stranger by Albert Camus, France, (1913-1960)
    The Tale of Genji by Shikibu Murasaki, Japan, (c 1000)
    Things Fall Apart by Chinua Achebe, Nigeria, (b. 1930)
    Thousand and One Nights, India/Iran/Iraq/Egypt, (700-1500)
    The Tin Drum by Gunter Grass, Germany, (b.1927)
    To the Lighthouse by Virginia Woolf, England, (1882-1941)
    The Trial by Franz Kafka, Bohemia, (1883-1924)
    Trilogy: Molloy, Malone Dies, 
    The Unnamable by Samuel Beckett, Ireland, (1906-1989)
    Ulysses by James Joyce, Ireland, (1882-1941)
    War and Peace by Leo Tolstoy, Russia, (1828-1910)
    Wuthering Heights by Emily Brontë, England, (1818-1848)
    Zorba the Greek by Nikos Kazantzakis, Greece, (1883-1957)

    This list of the 100 best books of all time was prepared by Norwegian Book Clubs. They asked 100 authors from 54 countries around the world to nominate the ten books which have had the most decisive impact on the cultural history of the world, and left a mark on the authors' own thinking. Don Quixote was named as the top book in history but otherwise no ranking was provided. This article was amended on 14 March 2012. José Saramago's entry was updated to include the year of his death.
    Greatest novels written by Filipinos

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