Monday, August 14, 2017

Early Agricultural and Industrial Artifacts

Dr Abe V Rotor
Indigo Vats
Fermenting tanks in the manufacture of añil or azul during the Spanish era. The product is derived from a plant, indigo (Indigofera tinctoria) which was extensively cultivated in the Ilocos Region.  Añil was exported to Europe through the Galleon Trade which operated for two centuries (17th and 17th century). San Vicente, Ilocos Sur. (AVR Photo)    

Wooden sugarcane crusher, drawn by carabao on a circular path. The cane is fed between the rollers and repeated to extract the most juice which accumulate in a receptacle, usually an earthen jar or burnay.  The juice is cooked in large kettles and made into basi wine, vinegar, or directly cooked until it become red sugar, either powdered or in blocks. The wooden roller has been replaced by mechanized iron crushers.  (AVR Photo)  
  

Sleds for transport on rice paddy made of wood and bamboo; native hats and raincoats made of leaves of anahaw and buri palms. (Grains Museum, NFA Cabanatuan City) AVR Photo


Multi-purpose stone grinder for coffee, grain and bean, a universal tool on the farm and home, also for local industries, which is still used today in remote places, and in preserving ethnicity. (Internet photo).

Primitive tools and equipment as early as in prehistoric times. These have evolved into the scythes, mallet and stone grinder we may be familiar with. {Internet photo)

This artifact is an indigenous pinawa (brown rice) hand mill. Grains Museum, Cabanatuan City. (AVR Photo)

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